Types Of Pavers
A paver is used for external flooring, often in the form of a stone, tile or brick. Before applying a paver, sand is spread atop a concrete foundation and afterwards, these pavers are set in the desired pattern. There isn’t a need for adhesives or retaining methods during the application of pavers. Roads, patios, driveways, and walkways are the few cases where pavers are used as external flooring.
Types Of Pavers According To Materials
These pavers have been in use for centuries now. Brick pavers are manufactured from clay which undergoes a heating process in a kiln. They come in a range of colours and textures and can be used in the place of concrete pavers. Brick pavers are recyclable since they are produced from natural materials. Brick pavers have the the benefit of the colour being fired into the brick thus no fading will happen over many years with very little maintenance.
If you are looking to be a minimalist in design, then concrete paver is a great choice to use on roads and driveways. These products often have a lot of options with regards to colours, thickness, and textures. On the positive side, it is easy and straightforward to apply these pavers. These products are inexpensive and more durable when compared with poured concrete. On the downside, these pavers crack when subjected to high temperatures. Additionally, they are not durable and require regular maintenance to prolong its life. Concrete pavers that are coloured do have one large disadvantage that the colour will fade due to the exposure of sun, it is however a lot more cost effective compared to brick pavers.
As a sedimentary rock, flagstone has distinct shapes that fit perfectly with other pieces of its kind. It is often used in patios, but is considered unfit for use in driveways since its thinner than brick or concrete pavers. It has higher durability compared with concrete and comes in a variety of hues and shapes – thus, flagstone is an ideal paving material for landscaping. Another merit accorded to flagstone is its non-slip texture which makes it an ideal flooring option. Conversely, flagstone is expensive due to the cost of transportation and mining accumulated in the total price.
Extreme temperature and pressure are required for the formation of these sedimentary rocks. Its major use is in exterior flooring and landscaping. Interior floorings, patios and pool areas could also make do with travertine pavers. Fortunately, travertine pavers are readily available, plus they are eco-friendly and natural. From a positive perspective, travertine is durable and has excellent heat-insulating property. Furthermore, there isn’t a need to worry about the colour fading out, but one needs to be careful when cleaning with vinegar or acidic formulas as an undesirable stain is often left behind.
Marble is formed when limestone is subjected to high temperature and pressure. Marble pavers are used in patios, walkways, driveways and grass yard lanes. These pavers often give a regal and sophisticated appearance which isn’t the case with stones or granite. They are also durable and increases the cost value of a home if you intend to sell or rent a home.
These are usually produced from granite. However, basalt, sandstone or limestone can also be used in manufacturing cobblestone. These type of pavers have been around for centuries, giving us an idea about its durability. With cobblestone pavers, you only need a thorough wash once a year and strength is its dominant feature. However, these pavers are costly and require more labour and skill to install them.
Porcelain is produced from clay passed through high-temperature conditions. It is used for outdoor and indoor floorings, especially wet areas such as pool decks due to its reduced permeability to water. Modern technology allows manufacturers to produce porcelain pavers that have almost the same thickness as wood or stones.
Colours For Paving Bricks
- Black: Some black bricks are formed when red firing clay is passed through high temperature and pressure condition in a kiln; after which, the finished product is dyed with K-37 black clay oxide which provide a lifetime of colour. Anthracite and magnetite powder could also provide concrete pavers with a black hue but the colour will not last very long as the sun does bleach concrete pavers over time. These black bricks are used anywhere in the world and give the building a practical and modern appearance. Furthermore, the dirt particles brought on by air pollution are not visible on these bricks. Hence, you can have a appealing driveway or patio without worrying about an undesirable stain that might make these surfaces appear shabby.
- Brown: A common colour that has many applications and shades that can suite almost any environment. Manganese Umber brick oxide is a very cost effective pigment to achieve this colour. Many hues and shades can be made with a naturally red firing clay with low and high temperatures giving you a large amount of flexibility in the production enivironment. For dark shades of brown or if you have a very low firing temperature then it is suggested that Mn3O4 brick oxide is used in your environment. MnO2 brick oxide is also a very common material added but all derived from Manganese.
- Grey: When chrome flour is added to ivory filing clays, paving bricks with attractive grey appearance are often produced. Brick's grey appearance on account of chrome flour is increasingly popular in architectural trends of today. K64 grey ceramic oxide and chrome flour can produce a range of grey hues that are attractive.
- Red: This colour is often used for borders of driveways or patios and when certain patterns like diamond are added. However, the red colour is not ideal for driveways with a wide perimeter since dirt and oil stains stand out in red. Red iron oxide is often used in producing concrete bricks with a red hue.
- Buff: Buff paving has an almost-yellow hue and is ideal for driveway borders and designs with diamond shapes. It has a bright tone and as such, could be used to highlight certain features including smudge and oil spots. Yellow ochre is often used in achieving a yellow hue for these concrete paving bricks.
- Autumn: This is a blend of buff, red and brown colours. It is often used in more expensive concrete paving bricks to resemble the hue associated with autumn leaves.
- Brindle: This hue is a mix of red and charcoal colours and it is popularly used in the colour mix for block paving. Of the many paving bricks available in the market, those with a brindle hue comes at the most affordable price. It is advantageous in the sense that oil stains are not often visible in concrete paving bricks with this hue.
- Heather: This is a combination of brown, charcoal and red pigments. However, some concrete paving bricks with heather hue can have a near resemblance to purple.
- Burnt Oker: Burnt Oker is a mixture of charcoal and brown hues. It is ideal for driveways and gives off the same effects with brindle visually. If you aim to hide oil spots and tire trails, a concrete paving brick with burnt oker pigment comes to mind.
Different Shapes Of Paving Bricks
Paving bricks come in a variety of shapes, especially those used as interlocking pavers. The different shapes include:
- Cross Dumble
- Round Dumble
- Arrow design
- Colorado Design
Type Of Paving According To Features
- Interlocking Paver: To interlock means to link different parts such that the movement is restricted by another. Bricks and concrete are commonly used to produce interlocking pavers. When set on a driveway or patio, a cobblestone-like appearance is a result. Mortar isn't needed for installing interlocking pavers. Sand is enough material to set these pavers.
- Paving Slabs: Paving slab is favoured amongst homeowners and architects since it offers versatility. Slabs are manufactured in various shapes and colours and are used to serve various indoor and outdoor flooring purposes. They are durable and can withstand extreme weather conditions.
Pavers are typically produced in a variety of colours, shapes, and materials. It isn’t tricky to choose from building items in constructing driveways, patios and even interior floorings. Using pavers is often the right way to go. However, you must consider the purpose for which a paving brick is intended before choosing an appropriate one.